United Nations and World Health Organisation Recommendations

Environmental Health Criteria 16, published by the United Nations, World Health Organisation and the International Radiation Protection Association

Numerous peer reviewed experimental studies have already been undertaken regarding the effects of Microwave exposure on health.

The length of exposure time, hours, days, years, is intrinsically linked to the degree of observed cellular damage and delayed chronic health effects. Length of exposure time is a critical consideration in setting appropriate Health Exposure Limits.

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Following world wide studies and the culmination of an enormous body of Scientific research, the following was summarised and recommended in Environmental Health Criteria 16:

‘ a) Effects have been reported at power densities too low to produce biologically significant heating.

b) The occupationally exposed population consists of healthy adults exposed under controlled conditions, who are aware of the occupational risk. The exposure of this population should be monitored.

   It is possible to indicate exposure limits from available information on biological effects, health effects and risk evaluation. For workers, whole or partial body exposure to continuous or pulsed microwaves or RF radiation having average power densities in the range of 0.1-1 mW/cm2 over the whole working day…

c) the general population includes persons of different ages (infants, small children, young adults and senior citizens) and different states of health, including pregnant women. The possible greater susceptibility of the developing fetus to microwave/RF exposure may deserve special consideration. Exposure of the general population should be kept as low as possible and limits should be generally lower than those for occupational exposure.’

Ref: 'Environmental Health Criteria 16' - Radiofrequency and Microwaves’ published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Health Organisation and the International Radiation Protection Association*, Geneva 1981.  (*Note: Not ICNIRP)


Base Stations and 5G infrastructure are positioned alongside homes, retirement villages, schools and pre-schools. 

Stringent 24 hour exposure limits are required urgently due to the known risk of chronic health effects caused by Long Term Exposure to RF Radiation.

Countries with stringent exposure health limits enjoy far greater health outcomes regarding the incidence of cancers  strongly associated with RF Exposure.  

No amount of industry hype can remove the requirement for safety of all people and nature.  The facts are there, the studies have already been undertaken and our health limits for RF Exposure are multiple times higher, multiple times more lax than Science informs.


Recommended 8 Hour Working Day Exposure Limit

Occupational, fit, healthy adult: 100 to 1000 µWatts/cm('Environmental Health Criteria 16’ )

Public: 20 µWatts/cm2    

Note: A reduction of exposure by a factor of 5 is recommended in RF standards to account for vulnerable members of the public.

Note: the above is for an 8 hour Day, for 24 hours the limits need to be many times more stringent.



Recommended 24 Hour Limit for the Public

Public: Recommended Maximum RF Exposure Limit: *10 µWatts/cm2 in line with limits presented in Environmental Health Criteria 16 and based upon irrefutable Scientific studies.

*Note: The actual RF exposure is expected to be far lower within homes due to the effects of distance and attenuation. 

*Limit indoors in sleeping areas to be in line with the Bioinitiative Recommendations .0003-.0006 µWatts/cm2.


World Best Practice for Australians


To protect our future, the Australian government must reduce the allowable exposure limit to World Best Practice, no more than 10 µWatts/cm2.  There is no excuse to risk so much.


Major outcomes are imperative and urgent:

1. Immediate reduction in the maximum allowable exposure limit to less than 10 µWatts/cm2 outdoors. 

Note: This would be a maximum and hence the levels within homes would be expected to be multiple times lower due to distance and attenuation. 

*Limit indoors in sleeping spaces to be in line with the Bioinitiative Recommendations .0003-.0006 µWatts/cm2.

2. Urgent return of standard setting to the AS/NZ Standards Australia forum in order for stakeholders to be fully represented and so that our safety is never compromised, in this arena, again.

'the secret of change is to focus all of your energy not on fighting the old, 

but on building the new.'



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Current Health Limits in Australia

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